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Understanding Male Pattern Baldness: Causes and Treatments

Male pattern baldness (androgenic alopecia) is a classic sign of aging that often strikes men designated male at birth. It begins with temple hair loss before progressing toward an eventual bald spot on the crown of their heads over time.

There is no correlation between smoking and hair loss or wearing a hat and baldness; however, other factors like genetics and dihydrotestosterone could affect its growth.


Male pattern baldness (androgenic alopecia) is the most frequent form of hair loss among men. It typically manifests itself with receding hairlines, temple thinning and an ultimately visible bald spot near the crown of the head – beginning typically during middle age but progressing throughout life.

Scientists generally attribute male pattern baldness to genetic factors. Genes affect how responsive hair follicles are to DHT, leading to their gradual reduction and eventual production of finer, thinner locks over time. This process is further expedited by 5-alpha reductase enzyme found throughout tissues such as prostate gland and skin tissue. Twin studies have revealed that heredity accounts for an estimated 80% risk factor when it comes to male pattern baldness; with individual genetic susceptibilities impacting both age at onset and progression of male pattern balding.

Genetic changes responsible for baldness involve not just androgen receptor genes but multiple others as well, accounting for variations in age of onset, progression and pattern among family members. Hair replacement treatments or bal lamby krny ka oil can be effective but must be used constantly and can often be expensive; additionally some men experience side effects, such as decreased libido, which may contribute to depression or suicide. Hair transplants or scalp flap procedures offer more permanent solutions.


Men who experience typical patterns of balding typically start by experiencing receding hairlines or spots of thinning at their crown, followed by shrinkage of the follicles that produce thinner, finer hair that eventually falls out completely. A ring of hair remains around both the sides and back of their scalp due to resistance against DHT follicles being more active; but they too may eventually shrink or become miniaturized over time.

As well as experiencing thinning hair, many men experience patchy baldness with bald patches appearing at temples or crown of head. When first experiencing male pattern baldness, patches can often appear larger due to DHT’s effects.

DHT and the consequent shrinking of follicles lead to thinner and shorter hair that gradually transitions into vellus hairs over time. Over time, as more follicles shrink further still, even this latter form eventually goes away entirely.

Hair loss is often an inevitable consequence of growing older, but it may also result from hormonal shifts, medical conditions or side effects of certain medications. No matter its source, losing one’s locks can have a devastating impact on self-esteem and confidence; fortunately there are treatments available that can slow baldness’ progression while encouraging new hair growth.


Men often experience hair loss in an orderly, progressive pattern that begins with recession around the temples and crown. Next comes thinning or even complete bald spots at the top (vertex scalp). As time progresses, any remaining hair thins out and gets finer over time; eventually it may all disappear, leaving an entirely bald scalp behind.

Trichologists can often diagnose male pattern baldness simply by asking you a few questions and conducting an exam of your scalp and hair. They will check whether any potential contributing factors to hair loss such as stress, illness or chemotherapy treatments exist as well as how much remaining hair there is and whether its shape or colour have changed since your previous visit.

Genes may play an essential role in male pattern baldness. Men who inherit genes associated with male pattern baldness tend to be more sensitive to dihydrotestosterone and its effects, and as a result their hair follicles shrink, producing fewer and finer hairs over time. They are also likely to have family histories of baldness.

Men who are experiencing male pattern baldness may find comfort from seeking support from counsellors or peers going through similar experiences. Some men can also benefit from hair replacement treatments like wigs; however, these may not be available through the NHS and could prove more costly than expected.


Men suffering from male pattern baldness may consider treatments such as hair transplants as an effective means of combatting their condition. A hair transplant involves transplanting healthy hair follicles from the back of the head onto areas with thinner or thinning or balding areas of their head; such transplants have proven safe and reliable ways of combatting male pattern baldness.

Men may experience receding hairlines and vertex scalp bald spots as well as gradual thinning behind their ears and on the back of their head, known as androgenic alopecia or male-pattern baldness. This condition is caused by genetically predisposed sensitivity of hair follicles to androgens like dihydrotestosterone; with time these follicles shrink down into thinner and finer strands.

Many men with this condition don’t require treatment, unani medicine and can manage their symptoms by making changes to their hairstyle and how it’s worn. A barber or hairdresser can provide assistance in creating an appealing new look for them that makes them happy about how they appear.

If your hair loss concerns you, consult with your GP. He or she can determine whether other health conditions could be at play and recommend the most appropriate course of treatment; finasteride for male pattern baldness can be obtained on prescription – side-effects include reduced libido and an increase in sexual dysfunction symptoms in some men.